Snoring is a sonic phenomenon that occurs as a result of the vibration of the soft tissues of the pharynx as it passes through the narrowed airways. The primary, or uncomplicated, snoring is understood to be a condition in which the sound phenomenon taking place is not accompanied by significant airflow restrictions and disturbances in the structure of sleep .
The main causes of snoring:
Anatomical disorders leading to narrowing of the airways:
Nasal septum deviation
Congenital narrow nasal passages and / or pharynx
Polyps in the nose
Small, posteriorly displaced lower jaw (with a bite violation)
Functional factors and diseases that reduce the tone of the muscles of the pharynx:
Actually sleep (reduced muscle tone)
Lack of sleep and fatigue
Taking sleeping pills
Decreased thyroid function
Menopause in women
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is a disease characterized by the presence of snoring, periodic lowering of the upper respiratory tract at the level of the pharynx and cessation of pulmonary ventilation, decreased blood oxygen levels, severe sleep fragmentation and excessive daytime sleepiness (Guilleminault C., 1978).
Causes of apnea are the same as snoring. The difference lies only in the degree of their manifestation. If, when snoring, the walls of the respiratory tract only vibrate when a jet of air passes through, then with apnea, they periodically completely fall off, stopping the flow of air into the lungs.
One can suspect obstructive sleep apnea on the basis of a special test for the presence of apnea.
Despite the fact that the causes of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring are the same, the treatment tactics are different, therefore it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination to select the optimal treatment method.
Having passed these simple tests you can determine the causes of snoring, apnea and take appropriate measures to ease it:
Close one nostril and breathe the second, then vice versa. If there is difficulty in nasal breathing and this is a common situation for you (that is, not an acute process), then snoring may be due to this cause. Try to push the wings of the nose and breathe. If breathing has become easier, stripes are recommended for situational use to improve nasal breathing.
Simulate snoring (mouth should be closed). Now push the lower jaw forward (mouth closed) and in this position try again to simulate snoring. If the snoring is less intense, then perhaps you have retrognathia, which contributes and because of it there is snoring. In such cases, intraoral devices are used to move the lower jaw forward.
Simulate snoring with your mouth open. Now push the tongue forward and press it with your teeth and simulate snoring in that position. If the snoring has decreased, then in your case the snoring arose, possibly, due to the fall of the tongue. Try using an intraoral device (nipple).
If none of the tests gave a positive result, then perhaps your snoring is due to the vibration of the soft palate and uvula. This is one of the frequent reasons why snoring occurs in patients without overweight. In order to facilitate snoring in this case it is recommended to undergo a course of Slipex. Also, in your case, snoring may be due to several reasons (multifactorial).