know it- Snoring: causes, diagnosis and treatment

Snoring, like sound, is more of a social problem for others than for the person himself.

Snoring is a sonic phenomenon that occurs when the soft structures of the pharynx vibrate against the background of the passage of a stream of air through narrowed airways.

More than 30% of the adult population suffers from snoring, after 60 years – 60%.

Snoring, like sound, is more of a social problem for others than for the person himself. However, snoring can be a precursor and one of the main symptoms of a serious illness – sleep apnea (sleep apnea syndrome).

Causes of Snoring
Snoring can occur when:

curvature of the nasal septum,
congenital narrow nasal passages or pharynx,
presence of polyps in the nose,
elongated uvula,
enlarged tonsils (adenoids),
The following factors and diseases that reduce the tone of the muscles of the pharynx contribute to snoring: sleep deficiency and fatigue, drinking alcohol, taking sleeping pills, smoking, reducing thyroid function, stopping menstruation in women, aging.

All this leads to a narrowing of the respiratory tract and the appearance of a characteristic sound when breathing in a dream.

What’s happening?
Snoring people often complain of daytime sleepiness. This is due to the fact that snoring in a dream causes frequent micro-awakening of the brain, that is, sleep is disturbed. The body and the brain do not rest at night. And, trying to take his own, the brain tries to fall asleep during the day in order to somehow compensate for the lack of night sleep.

Snoring should be treated, especially if the first signs of obstructive sleep apnea appear: restless, superficial sleep, sweating and frequent night urination, weakness and headaches in the morning, severe daytime sleepiness, irritability, loss of memory and attention.

Snoring diagnostics
Snoring is diagnosed without much difficulty. To do this, interview relatives and conduct screening tests. However, there are additional instrumental methods for making a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. Patients prescribed polysomnography – a method of studying the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in a patient during sleep.

People who suffer from snoring should contact an otolaryngologist and a neurologist.

Snoring treatment
If possible, eliminate the cause of snoring. In particular, to exclude such risk factors as smoking at bedtime, alcohol consumption.

There are various methods for the conservative and surgical treatment of snoring and sleep apnea.

Conservative treatments for snoring are aimed at expanding the airways. Patients should choose the correct sleeping position. Special intraoral devices for snoring have been developed to prevent its occurrence. Also one of the existing remedies for snoring are special exercises for training the muscles of the tongue, soft palate, lower jaw and pharynx, aimed at reducing snoring.

Surgical correction of snoring and sleep apnea includes a complex of operations that improve nasal breathing, increase the lumen of the pharynx, reduce the size of the soft palate and lymphoid formations of the pharynx. As a rule, such operations eliminating snoring are quite gentle, and can be performed using laser, endoscopic and ultrasound equipment.

In addition, as a means of treating snoring, the method of CPAP (creating a constant positive pressure in the airways) is used.

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