Snoring is not just an unpleasant night rest companion, but a serious disease that worsens the quality of life of those who are very sick, but also of their close people. If you ignore snoring, it can have a negative impact on the work of most body systems.
During snoring, the breath of a person is interrupted, but he does not feel it. This leads to oxygen starvation, the appearance of daytime sleepiness and fatigue. In addition, snoring is associated with such risks as: arrhythmia , tachycardia, high blood pressure , heart attack and stroke . It is especially dangerous sleep apnea, which is fraught with complete cessation of breathing and death of a person.
Diagnosis of snoring. A person may not even suspect that he is snoring. This is most often reported to him by close people living with him in the same apartment. After establishing this fact, it is necessary to go to an appointment with an ENT doctor. The doctor will examine the patient’s nasopharynx, determine the structure of his respiratory tract, as well as how the vibration appears, leading to snoring. After determining the cause of snoring, the doctor will recommend the most appropriate treatment. It is also possible that the patient is referred for consultation to the therapist and endocrinologist.
A modern technique that helps doctors diagnose snoring is called polysomnography. It allows you to find out if snoring is accompanied by cessation of breathing. The study is absolutely safe and painless for the patient. Special sensors are attached to his skin, which record the respiration indices and brain activity. Naturally, at this time a person must sleep.
Indications for treating snoring laser
Treatment of snoring with a laser is a surgical technique that is not shown to all people. To begin with, the doctor will try to solve the problem with the help of conservative therapy. Patients may be recommended to change their lifestyle, treat diseases of the nasopharynx, try using orthopedic mattresses and pillows for sleep, stop smoking and taking alcohol, control body weight, etc. If this does not help, then you must be operated on.
It may be recommended for patients with the following problems:
Anatomically incorrect form of organs that are responsible for human breathing. Frequent colds, ENT infections can contribute to the softening of the upper palate. They make this area of the oral cavity loose, and the uvula becomes longer. As a result, it will not be possible to get rid of snoring by conservative methods of influence, an operation is required. Sometimes the tongue is lengthened in a person from birth, which also requires a laser uvulopaloplasty.
The presence of a large amount of lymphoid tissue that accumulates next to the nasopharynx. This is due to chronic diseases of the oral cavity. In this case, the patient is carried out laser pharingo-ulopaloplasty.
Curved nasal septa are also indicated for laser treatment.
Using a laser beam, benign tumors in the nasal cavity or fibrous growths, which often cause snoring, can be removed.
With the help of a laser can be expanded lumen of the pharynx.
Preparing for surgery
X-ray of the nose.
Getting advice from a surgeon.
Blood donation for clinical and biochemical analysis, urine delivery for general analysis, fluorography.
Before the operation, all infectious, catarrhal, and other bacterial or viral diseases should be treated.
Contraindications to the treatment of snoring laser
Contraindications to the treatment of snoring with a laser are the following:
Uncontrolled gag reflex.
Professions related to creative activity, such as singers, musicians, actors, etc. The fact is that the operation can provoke a temporary change in voice, which can be critical for a certain category of people.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The presence of a malignant tumor in the body.
Any illness in the acute stage.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Laser Palatoplasty in the treatment of snoring
Laser snoring treatment is carried out in the hospital. A local anesthetic is administered to the patient, after which a soft laser beam is cut from the soft palate tissue from 2 sides. As a result of the operation, the patient has two small wounds, which, dragging on, raise the soft palate.
With the help of a laser, it is possible not only to tighten sagging tissue, but also to instantly coagulate the vessels. Therefore, the risk of bleeding during the procedure will be minimal.
The operation is short in time, but it will have to go through several times. This improves the efficiency of the procedure. Most often they need five.
As a result, soft palate tissue and tongue harden. Therefore, the vibration created during the passage of air through the nasopharynx does not provoke the appearance of a characteristic sound.
Rehabilitation after surgery is short, it does not take more than 2-3 weeks. At this time, the patient will experience sore throat and earaches. To reduce pain, you can take painkillers, do rinses with anesthetic solutions.
During the rehabilitation period, you will need to abandon the use of foods containing acid.
The wound will be completely tightened after 21-30 days. Palatoplasty or, as it is also called, uvulopaloplasty is the most common method for treating snoring with a laser beam. However, depending on the problem that provoked its appearance, other procedures can be carried out.
Varieties of laser snoring treatments:
Pharyngouvoulopaloplastik a – in addition to the laser, the doctor uses special forceps during the procedure. With their help, he either completely removes the tonsils, or reduces them in size. The operation is performed under local anesthesia.
Correction of the nasal septum. The doctor using the laser beam makes incisions on the inner shell of the nasal cavity. After gaining access to the nasal cartilage, the doctor heats and corrects them, giving the nose the correct shape. As a result, the patient gets rid of snoring. The operation is most often performed under general anesthesia.
Removal of fibroids and small formations in the nose. Depending on the complexity of the operation, both local and general anesthesia may be indicated to the patient.
The narrowing of the pharyngeal passage. With the help of a laser, soft tissues are removed, which are later replaced by denser tissue.
Pros and cons of snoring laser treatment
Advantages of the technique:
Minimal blood loss.
The speed of the operation. In general, the procedure takes no more than half an hour.
No need to go to the hospital. After the operation, the patient should be under the supervision of doctors for no longer than 2 hours.
Short rehabilitation period. Doctors indicate that it can be 20-30 days. Although in most patients all residual effects disappear after 10 days.
No need for general anesthesia.
Complete cure of snoring, which significantly improves the quality of life in general and night rest in particular. And this is true not only in relation to the patient himself, but also his immediate environment.
It should be understood that the treatment of snoring with a laser has several disadvantages, among which are:
The operation is not completely painless, therefore, requires the introduction of local anesthesia.
During the rehabilitation period, you will need to take painkillers to reduce pain. This is especially true for the first two days after the procedure.
Inflammation of the lymphoid tissue and the mucous membrane of the throat is possible. Especially often this occurs when the laser beam hits the adjacent tissue. Such non-professional actions of the surgeon lead to the formation of a severe burn.
There remains the risk that the operation will be ineffective, although it does not exceed 20%.
To completely get rid of snoring may require several operations.
The procedure carries the risk of side effects.
The operation has a number of contraindications, so it can not be held for all patients.
The high cost of the procedure. In some clinics, it can reach 60 thousand rubles.
Laser snoring treatment is associated with a number of side effects, including:
The occurrence of pain in the ears.
Voice change (this side effect is reversible).
The risk of bleeding.
Risk of joining infection.
There may be problems with eating.
The appearance of bad breath .