That the night was calm

Snoring is a very common phenomenon and it is not surprising. However, in cases where snoring becomes the sound of every night, you need to pay attention to health.

Snoring is a phenomenon so common that it becomes a topic for jokes much more often than a reason for going to doctors. In principle, anyone can occasionally snore in a dream. But if snoring becomes a soundtrack every night, you need to pay attention to health.

From an anatomical point of view, snoring is a sound caused by obstructed passage of air through the narrowed airways of the pharynx. A survey conducted by the agency InDepth showed that 61% of residents of large cities between the ages of 30 and 60 face snoring problems. Moreover, among the age group of 51–60 years, the share of snoring people or family members was more than 80%. This is not surprising: with age, the muscles of the upper respiratory tract lose their elasticity and elasticity, which leads to snoring during sleep.

What causes snoring?
Snoring can occur under the influence of many factors of a temporary, transient nature:

Alcohol intoxication. Alcohol has a relaxing effect on the muscles of the whole body, including the larynx.
Intake of sedatives and hypnotic drugs, which also have relaxing properties.
Smoking. Cigarette smoke irritates the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, causing swelling.
Sleep in an uncomfortable position. Most often, people who, in principle, are not prone to snoring, begin to snore if they sleep on their backs.
In these cases, after eliminating the cause, the tendency to snore very quickly passes by itself. But sometimes the basis of the appearance of snoring becomes pathological changes in the body that require serious treatment.

Pathological changes in the body that cause snoring


Obesity. Fat that accumulates in the neck and chest in a dream begins to squeeze the airways, not allowing a person to breathe freely. “In the presence of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea, a 10% reduction in body weight can improve breathing parameters by 50%. In some cases, with uncomplicated snoring, it is enough to reduce body weight by 5-7% in order to completely eliminate snoring without any other interventions ” 1 .
Infections and inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. When inflammation of the nasopharynx occurs swelling, which, as in the previous case, narrows the lumen of the respiratory tract.
Features of the structure of the nasopharynx. Sometimes the cause of snoring becomes an elongated uvula, a curved nasal septum, polyps in the nose, and other pathologies requiring surgical intervention.
Hypertension. One third of patients with arterial hypertension have snoring and respiratory arrest during sleep. 2.3 Hypertension is accompanied by stagnation in the pulmonary circulation, because of which snoring becomes permanent, and further aggravates the progression of hypertension.


Danger and harm of snoring


As we have already figured out snoring, the phenomenon is far from harmless: it aggravates the development of the pathological process and can lead to a cessation of breathing during sleep2,3, sleep apnea. In addition, snoring significantly impairs the quality of sleep in both the person who is snoring and the one who sleeps nearby. People whose homework “rolls out at night” do not get enough sleep, feel overwhelmed and irritable in the morning, have difficulty concentrating. But despite this, only 20% of people suffering from snoring, trying to somehow solve this problem, and only 2% resort to using pharmaceuticals.

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